Month: Jul 2011

MANDELA APPEASES WHITES!!!

The Long Walk to Freedom is an invaluable source of information on the political history of South Africa and the ANC although it is fraught with ethnic and organizational biases. If Mandela is a leader of all people of South Africa, he should transcend these tendencies. For example, those unfamiliar with the South African life may end up thinking that Xhosas and Zulus are the major inhabitants of South Africa, as one reviewer recently did.

The African anthem which translates as God Bless Africa has both the Sesotho version (Morena Boloka Sechaba sa Afrika) and Nguni version but nowhere in the book does Mandela refer to this anthem in its Sesotho name. Mandela himself is an Nguni speaker. In fact, during the raising of South Africa’s new flag, only the Nguni version of this song was sung, followed by the settler colonialists’ anthem Die Stem.

Although the book is an invaluable source of information on some aspects of South African history, it has some historical inaccuracies. For example, Mandela writes that gold was discovered in 1886 on the Witwatersrand (p 55). In fact, South Africa has the earliest gold, iron and copper mines in the world going back to thousands of years.

Mandela claims that the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) of Azania is ‘anti-white’ (p 264) and criticizes the Black Consciousness Movement for excluding whites (p 422). Some of the criticism Mandela leveled at the PAC are ridiculous and border on the absurd. For instance he writes: “Their actions were motivated more by a desire to eclipse the ANC than to defeat the enemy” (p 206). Mandela also claims the views and behaviour of the PAC are immature. The philosophy of Black Consciousness according to Mandela is also immature and he also labels one of the greatest African leaders of African descent, Marcus “Mosiah” Garvey as an extremist. Garvey is at the same time described as an African hero.

The forerunner of APLA, POQO is described as “irresponsible” and labeled “terrorists” (p 295). But nowhere does Mandela label the white supremacist terror group Afrikaner Weestandbeweging (AWB). Instead he refers to them as a “militant right-wing” group (p 530).

Mandela writes that he was saddened by the bombing to death in Mozambique of Ruth First, Joe Slovo’s widow but never mentioned anything about Onkgopotse Ramothibi Tiro let alone his tragic bombing by white South African agents in 1974 in Botswana. Tiro, a founding member of the Black Consciousness Movement, was probably the first South African to be parcel bombed and the first martyr of the Black Consciousness Movement. There is also no mention of Bantu Biko or the cruel way in which his life was ended in a South African jail. Biko was one of the founding members of the Black Consciousness Movement.

AFRICAN HISTORY: PAN AFRICANISM PAST PRESENT AND THE FUTURE

It is an honour for me to speak at this important institution of high learning on AFRICAN HISTORY: PAN AFRICANISM PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE on this 49th anniversary of Africa Liberation Day May 25.I would like to appreciate the presence of so many students in the African Diaspora and other lovers of Africa I see here. I wish all of you success in your acquisition of education which you must use for yourselves and in the service of Africa’s people where ever they are located on this planet. We are living in perilous but exciting times. Let us play our role with determination and distinction.

The African Union has recognized the importance of the African Diaspora in the re-building of Africa’s walls that were broken through the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade, colonialism and European racism. Indeed, a new history is in the making. This is good news for all lovers of Africa and justice- loving people of the world who stood with Africa during her darkest times.

We have a great and unique continent. We must serve it to the best of our ability. Africa is endowed with enormous riches, beauty, culture and a fascinating history that has been swept under the carpet for a long time in order to facilitate Africa’s economic exploitation and domination. Africa is a Continent we should be very proud to serve under all circumstances.

Africa built Memphis, the ancient capital city of ancient Egypt in 31OO B.C. Greeks built Athens in 12OO B.C. The Romans built Rome in 1OOO B.C. Africa invented writing. It was Hieroglyphics in 3OOO B.C. Hieratic writing shortly after this. Demotic writing was developed about 6OO B.C. The Kushite script was used in 3OO B.C. Other scripts were Merotic, Coptic, Amharic, Sabean, Gee’z, Nsibidi of Nigeria, Mende of Mali and writings such as the Twi alphabet of Twi people of Ghana.

In November 1999, some scholars at Yale University such as Prof. John Damell discussed the origin of writing in the world. They found no reason to dispute the fact that the location was Africa.

Edem Kodjo, author of AFRICA TOMORROW, a profound researcher on Africa has written, “It is here in Africa that history began. Far from being a gratuitous assertion, this statement is undeniable scientific fact for which one finds corroboration when one roves the world in search of the remains of ancient civilisations….Africa remains the privileged source of the early intense human activity.”

Ancient historians such as Herodotus, Diodorus and others have established that Africa is the cradle of the first human civilisation. Sir E.A. Wallis Budge was a keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities at the British Museum. In his book EGYPT he has written, “The prehistoric native Egyptians both in the old and new age stone were Black, and there is every reason for saying that the earliest inhabitants came from the South.”

These people built the pyramids not only in ancient Egypt, but in other parts of Africa such as Nubia and Ethiopia. An American scholar, Louis P. McCarty has stated that “Before the people of the earth can duplicate the Great Pyramids they will have to rediscover the lost arts of perfectly hardening copper, overcoming gravitation, navigating the air etc Also perfect Mathematics.”

Africa has been a victim of foreign aggression and destruction. Among these can be mentioned the Hykssos, the Vandals and the architects of the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade and colonialism. Scholars such as Prof. Charles H. Hapgood affirm that the Library of Khart-Haddas, later called Carthage by the Romans was burnt down by them. They destroyed half a million books.

The ancient Zimbabwe Buildings demonstrate the advanced technology that was involved in their construction. The Zimbabweans built these magnificent structures with solid granite stones. The walls were five metres thick and ten metres high. The stones were placed on top of one another without mud or cement.

At Mapungubwe in a country called South Africa today, archaeologists have found numerous gold ornaments on the banks of the Limpopo River dating to the 14th century. Niel Parson, a noted researcher on Southern Africa has recorded that Clay pottery in the shape of a human head was found at Mashishini (colonially called Lydenburg) in Eastern Transvaal. It is carbon dated 5th and 6th century A.D.

The earliest date for copper mining south of the Limpopo River was 7th century A.D. A Portuguese sailor, Vasco da Gama arrived there in 1488. He called Limpopo River “Copper River” because African rulers and their wives in this part of Africa wore copper neck-rings, bracelets and anklets. Time does not allow me to speak of the advanced medical science of the Khoi and San people that colonialists called “Hottentots” and “Bushmen.” The Basotho, the Zulus and Xhosas, to mention them as examples, never killed children, women and old people in war. European missionaries’ lives such as that of the Rev. Francis Owen even under King Dingane of the Zulus were spared. The Zulu King’s order “Kill the wizards” did not include European missionaries who were doing religious work. Africans never had the brutal system of taking other people’s lands and expropriating their riches for themselves.

There are European people and their cousins who say that they went to Africa to “civilise” Africans! How do you “civilise” people through slavery, colonialism and racism? Some of these people called Africa the “Dark Continent.” How come the Dark Continent saved Moses’ life, educated him and gave him Zipporah, an African woman for his wife? How come that the Dark Continent gave refuge to Jesus Christ? How come that the Dark Continent gave protection to Moslems at the beginning of this religion when they were persecuted? How come that the fundamentals of the Christian religion were laid by African theologians such as Tertullian and Augustine? Augustine is reputed to have spoken Latin, the “English” of those days in an African accent!

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