Pan Africanist Congress of Azania

The Pan Africanist Youth Congress (PAYCO) of Azania wish to remind the masses of our people, particularly the youth, that the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) of Azania was formed to overthrow white domination, fight for the return of stolen African land and to emancipate the African people politically, socially, economically and culturally. We recommit ourselves to the struggle to liberate our people from economic exploitation, cultural subjugation, poverty, landlessness, unemployment, and desease.

The PAC was formed on the 06 April 1959 in Soweto at the Orlando Communal Hall and Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe was elected as its first president at the founding congress held from 04 April – 06 April 1959. A rally will be held on Saturday 10 April 2010 at ALTREK HALL, Eastbank Avenue Street, Alexandra township to celebrate the 51st Anniversary of the PAC’s birth. Alexandra is the face of grinding poverty in a country rich of precious mineral resources, land and labour power.

Africanist leaders such as Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, Zephania Mothopeng, Peter Raboroko, AB Ngcobo, Hlatshwayo, Potlako Leballo, Edwin Makoti, Selby Ngendane, Josias Madzunya and many others who were opposed to the smuggling of the Kliptown Charter at the expense of the revolutionary 1949 Programme of Action crafted by the Africanist in the Congress Youth League established the PAC. These leaders objected to the smuggling of the Kliptown Charter because it betrayed the very basis of the national liberation struggle for self-determination.

The Africanists also objected to the moderate approach of the ANC leadership and lack of political will and courage to confront the evil system of apartheid settler colonialism. Contrary to ANC propaganda and disinformation, PAC was never opposed to communism or socialism but to those white liberals and imperialists apologists, like Jeremy Cronin today, within the ANC, who were masquerading as communists whilst representing capitalist interests. Sobukwe correctly referred to this group of so called communists as nothing but “quacks”. Some today call these people ‘yellow communists’.

The contribution and achivemnets of PAC in this country’s liberation struggle include the Positive Action Campaign which led to Sharpeville-Langa massacres, rejection of the Kliptown’s multi racialism in favour of a policy of non racialism which recognises one race…the human race, and launching the armed struggle through the famous POQO uprisings which later transformed into a conventional guerilla army in the form of Azania People’s Liberation Army (APLA). The fisrt prisoners on Robben Island who were sentenced to life where PAC leaders. In the 70’s PAC started preparing for a national uprising which resulted in June 16 Soweto uprising followed by prosecution and conviction of PAC leaders in the Bethal Trial. The former PAC president Zeph Mothopeng was accused No. 1 in this case.

We call on government to declare Orlando Communal Hall, where PAC was formed 51 years ago, as a National Heritage Site and name the site after Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe.

Issued by PAYCO
Kwame Ndebele
072 068 2881


  1. PROF Robert Sobukwe loved Afrikans.He was never egoistic nor selfish.History was unfair to rob us of a loving father.He was failed by the PAC itself.No wonder Afrikans are today homeless,landless,poor,diseased, killed as evidenced in the Marikana massacre. This phenomena is expected to continue as long as PAC leaders and grassroots base pursue selfish arrogant attitude.

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