Sbusiso Xaba


All wars were about land. Every liberation struggle is about the restoration of indigenous people’s effective control of their land from foreign domination. Final analysis of any armed conflict will find that the source of disagreement is the land.

Land was the root cause of English and Dutch skirmishes in Africa. China and Japan war was over land. Palestinian and Israeli conflict comes down to land. European tribal brawls, erroneously called world wars were about territorial control, which is land.


Hilary Clinton told USA Senators that American State Department needs more money to fight information war. She conceded that America was losing on this front. Unfortunately, African broadcasters do not seem to understand that they are weapons of US’s national interest warfare. There is no visible national interest in Africa political commentary on geo-political matters.

Libyan armed rebellion commonly presented as peaceful protest on mainstream media is a classic case of interest based political analysis among various national broadcasters. Aljazeera show Qatar’s perspective informed by the fact that Gaddafi denied them investment opportunities in Libya. BBC supports a British angle anchored by grudges of Lockerbie bombing. France24 put across a French point of view based on Libya’s support of revolutionaries in French speaking Africa whereas the CNN articulates American viewpoint which stems from Libya’s refusal to handover control to American oil corporations.


It is emotionally self-fulfilling to blame the enemy and agents’ provocateurs for the terrible state of pan Africanist organisations worldwide. It is equally emotive to read pieces of work that attribute underperformance of African people oriented organizations to adverse external factors. However these analyses do not cover all the drawbacks and are therefore incomplete. It is easy to blame everyone else for one’s failures where there is lack of serious self introspection. This unhelpful propaganda or limited analysis prevents us from tackling impediments that are hindering successful execution of revolutionary tasks bestowed on us by history.

On the other hand, there is no doubt that Pan Africanism being diametrically opposed to imperialism will be targeted by imperialist forces who will naturally mobilize vast resources to destroy Pan Africanist movements in defence of their interests. There is no question about the seriousness of threats presented by external forces to any organisation advancing African people’s interests for economic independence, self reliance and national self determination. It is nevertheless the supreme duty of revolutionaries to protect and defend revolutionary movements from enemy attacks by building unassailable and incorruptible political institutions.

Pan Africanists have not applied themselves to holistic institutional development of their organisations. Neglecting institutional growth has made Pan Africanist organisations superior on economic and social analysis but highly underdeveloped in developing the necessary capacity to create and sustain a desired social order


It is complex and dangerous to compel African people to be critical of their role in perpetuating their own oppression. It is complex because constructive criticism is a critical ingredient in the development of the strong African nation and it is dangerous to the one who dares to drag African society to self criticism running the risks of being seen as a traitor, naïve or labelled all sorts of nasty things. It is dangerous to the African nation as self-introspection data can be used to reinforce pessimistic view of Africa and African people. External forces with geopolitical interest can overt or convert utilisation self-analysis to absolve oppressor’s guilt by blaming the oppressed.

The colonial powers have invested heavily on the destruction of African minds. The education systems have been designed to reinforce perceptions of white supremacy and African inferiority. The print media fortifies images of European heroes and African villains on the minds of our people. The visual media is consistently portraying beauty from a Eurocentric point of view. The audio media pump messages that equate civilisation of Africans to their assimilation to white culture and values.


It is in the interest of the African working class to crush the myth that is continuously perpetuated to bring women down in workplace. Unfortunately this myth is most driven and reinforced by those who profess to be its victims. The myth of women inferiority in the name of African culture, oppression and limiting opportunities for girl-children is actually not African; it is foreign to our culture. Daughters of Africa have presided over all affairs of the state and society throughout history. African women have proven beyond doubt that being female is not disadvantageous in any way and therefore no fake tradition can justify exclusion of our daughters from reaching their full potential.

African societies have long standing cultural practice to orderly give each person, regardless of gender, space to grow and fulfil their destiny. It is in the military, which is normally viewed as a preserve for males in other societies, where African women have proven their worth. The names of brilliant Generals that easily come to mind include Mukabayi ka Jama of KwaZulu, Yaa Shantewa of Ashanti, Candice of Ethiopia, Nzingha of Angola, Nehanda of Zimbabwe, Dahia-al Kahina of Kahina and Hatshepsut of Kemet (Land which Egypt stand on today). Given this historical account, it is clearly not in the culture of African military establishment to exclude its daughters.


Landscape is the artistic architecture of natural scenery. Politics is a natural phenomenon which has observable structure and form. It is the duty of every citizen to study and observe complex composition of political elements and their combinations in society.

In modern times, elements of political landscape operate within a political party or organization in a given space. A political party or organization is an interest based institution. The combination of abstract parts in political party defines its character and behaviour. The behaviour of a political party or organization is not accidental. The manner of conduct flows from the ideological and political designs of the political institution. The fundamental political factors are philosophy, ideology, governance doctrine, strategy and tactics. The dynamic interaction between these five characteristics determines party ability to acquire and maintain power.

Party governance doctrine, strategy and tactic determine cohesion and performance whereas the clarity in philosophy and ideology crystallize party policies and programmes. Philosophy is a theoretical basis of understanding knowledge, ethics and existence. It is personal belief on how to approach situation. It is spectacle through which a world is viewable. All parties have attitude, which is informed by its interest group.


Neo-colonial governments in Africa are always trying to satisfy the needs and wants of the so called investors. There are two important constituencies in the minds of these puppets governments, namely tourists and investors. All institutional development viability is justified on the basis of these two pillars of economic mirage.

The recent jitters in international equity markets are evidence of crazy logic of international capitalist system. Why should Stock Market Index have a free fall in Africa or Brazil when America Companies have failed to manage the granting of loans? Why is it that when American corporation’s management steals from investors locally, the Stock Market in so called developing markets plunges? Why is it that when evidence of corrupt practices which caused the collapse of Asian Tigers a decade ago do not have the same effect on American accounting scandal? There are many examples of such inconsistencies and double standards.


What is the transformation agenda of higher learning education in the so called South Africa? That is question that confronts this country. In early nineties the song that was sang by student leaders, academics, political parties and all constituencies from disadvantaged community on transformation, was that there should be greater access to institution linked to removal of academic exclusion, free education for primary degrees or Diplomas, removal of financial exclusion, curriculum review, greater excess to educational facilities and an end of discrimination in any form including racial, religious and gender.

There was a legitimate expectation that when a democratic government takes over, the legislative framework and bureaucratic environment will be changed to ensure that these principles are encourage and enforced. The evidence is that the same issues are still part of today’s student struggles in University of Limpopo, University of Pretoria, University of Venda, Tshwane University of Technology and University of KwaZulu-Natal, just to name high profile cases.


Towards the end of last year South Africa introduced the ‘Shoo to Kill’ policy championed by the Deputy Minister of Police Fikile Mbalula.
Trigger-happy SAPS has been told by the Minister of Police to ‘Shoot to kill’

The Wild West movie-style crime ‘shoot to kill’ antic and the desire to lynch suspects or perpetrators, show government’s lack of understanding of the root causes of crime prevalence rate. Weak politicians, lazy bureaucrats and incompetent criminal justice system technocrats are running to populist sloganeering instead of facing the challenge head-on. This happens at the expense of proper structural inspection and analysis.

The behaviour of government leadership indicates that the high crime rate problem is not understood. High crime rate is a symptom of a failed society. The problem lies in the exclusion of African cultural ethos in the regulatory framework. At the core of this crisis is the collapse of previously resilient African culture. It is sparked by the big gap between the haves and have not’s, which is different from poverty. The problem is fueled by endemic corruption and sustained by inherent flaws in the criminal justice system.

There are three braches in the current system. The police with a mandate to prevent investigate crime and charging suspects. The courts have the responsibility to listen and decide on crime. The prisons have to hold and prepare criminals for reintegration to society. All this subsystems have failed in their mandate due inept management and
weak leadership. There are enough financial resources but crisis is lack of will and competency to combat crime effectively.

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