United States


In March last year I wrote in one of the web magazines that, contrary to the popularly held view about the spontaneity of the uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt and the Middle East, F. William Engdahl writes that there is nothing spontaneous about the mass protest movements in the Arab countries. They are a replay of the US-orchestrated colour revolutions that triggered regime change in post-Soviet countries. Local opposition leaders are coached by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and other US-funded organisations in staging these type of ‘uprisings’. This covert US strategy has been in place for quite a while. The question is whether it will work.

This view has recently been corroborated by geopolitical researcher Tony Cartalucci on 22 June 2012 who wrote that “were anyone to still believe the rhetoric of the so-called Arab Spring, one would be admittedly confused over the emerging political landscape in Egypt where the military establishment and the Muslim Brotherhood have suddenly emerged as front runners from what was supposedly a pro-democracy popular uprising. However, if anyone understood that the pro-democracy protesters were in fact US State Department-funded, trained, and equipped mobs providing cover for the attempted installation of the Muslim Brotherhood amongst many potentially Western proxies, the current political battle would make perfect sense”.


April 27 marked the fortieth anniversary of the passing of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, the founder of modern-day Ghana and a leading theoretician of the post-World War II national liberation movement for unity and socialism. Nkrumah’s legacy is still very much a part of the ongoing efforts of the peoples of Africa and the world who seek genuine freedom from colonialism, neo-colonialism and imperialism.

Born in the western region of the Gold Coast (later renamed Ghana in 1957) on September 21, 1909, Nkrumah grew up under the colonial system established by the British. The people of the Gold Coast had fought western domination from the period of the Atlantic Slave Trade through the early 20th century when Queen Ya Asantewaa of the Ashanti people led an armed resistance campaign to halt British encroachment into their territories.


All wars were about land. Every liberation struggle is about the restoration of indigenous people’s effective control of their land from foreign domination. Final analysis of any armed conflict will find that the source of disagreement is the land.

Land was the root cause of English and Dutch skirmishes in Africa. China and Japan war was over land. Palestinian and Israeli conflict comes down to land. European tribal brawls, erroneously called world wars were about territorial control, which is land.


William Mpofu’s misleading article which appeared in the Sowetan newspaper of 22 September titled “the scourge of African tyrants” should not and must not be allowed to go unchallenged because it is a compendium of misinformation and factual errors. It is also misleading and contains historical inaccuracies. Mpofu wrote that, “From Kwame Nkrumah to Robert Mugabe, African dictators have invoked the spirit of African unity and black solidarity against the vampiric Western imperialism with the right hand while with the left subjecting their people to cruel bondage and violence”.

Those who have read Walter Rodney’s “How Europe Underdeveloped Africa” will understand that cruel bondage and violence in West Africa were introduced by leaders of Western countries during the Atlantic slave trade. At the time Mpofu’s article was published, the US and some Western countries under the auspices of NATO were on their sixth month of bombing Libya for the sake of accessing that country’s resources so that China should be dependent on the US for oil. Mpofu continued, “another truism of the underdevelopment and impoverishment of Africa is that African despots have looted natural resources, plundered economies for personal enrichment and deployed violence of the worst magnitude to crush opponents”.

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