Landscape is the artistic architecture of natural scenery. Politics is a natural phenomenon which has observable structure and form. It is the duty of every citizen to study and observe complex composition of political elements and their combinations in society.
In modern times, elements of political landscape operate within a political party or organization in a given space. A political party or organization is an interest based institution. The combination of abstract parts in political party defines its character and behaviour. The behaviour of a political party or organization is not accidental. The manner of conduct flows from the ideological and political designs of the political institution. The fundamental political factors are philosophy, ideology, governance doctrine, strategy and tactics. The dynamic interaction between these five characteristics determines party ability to acquire and maintain power.
Party governance doctrine, strategy and tactic determine cohesion and performance whereas the clarity in philosophy and ideology crystallize party policies and programmes. Philosophy is a theoretical basis of understanding knowledge, ethics and existence. It is personal belief on how to approach situation. It is spectacle through which a world is viewable. All parties have attitude, which is informed by its interest group.